Microsoft is the world’s largest American based public multinational corporation headquartered in Redmond, Washington. It was established on April 4, 1975 which has dominated the market with its many products including Windows line of operating systems and its office suite. The company initial public offering was held on March 14, 1986 and it has subsequently acquired 166 companies and purchased stakes in approximately 65 companies till now. As usual most of the companies acquired by Microsoft are based in United States but however, Microsoft has not revealed the financial details for most of the mergers and acquisitions.
Microsoft acquisitions includes some prestigious companies including Nokia, Skype, Hotmail, Mojang, aQuantive and more. Though Microsoft acquired more than hundred companies, here I am listing some of the best startups acquired by Microsoft.
1. Nokia mobile phones unit
Nokia is the Finland based mobile manufacturing and information technology multi-national company headquartered in Espoo, Uusimaa.As of 2013, it employed more than 90,000 people across 120 countries and conducts sales in 150 countries and annual revenue around €12.7 billion. In September 2013, Nokia sold its mobile manufacturing unit to Microsoft as part of an overall deal totaling €5.44 billion. Nokia’s former CEO and other executives joined new Microsoft Mobile subsidiary of the Microsoft as a part of deal, which closed the deal on 25 April 2014.
2. Skype Technologies
Skype is a VoIP service which was first released in 2003 which is the way to make free computer-to-computer calls and make international calls at cheaper rate. It was founded by Janus Friis and Niklas Zennstrom headquartered at Luxembourg City, United States. Initially it was acquired by eBay in 2005, but later it was acquired by Microsoft in 2011 for $8.5 billion.
Mojang AB is the Swedish independent video game developer founded in 2009 by Carl O Manneh, Markus A. Persson and H.Jakob Porser. They are best known as the creator of popular Minecraft game, scrolls and cobalt. On September 15, 2014 Microsoft has announced a deal to acquire Majong for $2.5 billion and made official on November 6, 2014. After Microsoft bought this, its three founders left this company.
InMage is the software and services company based in US and India and it markets a product SCOUT which uses continuous data protection for backup and replication. InMage was found in 2001 and in 2009 Hitachi Data systems announced the reselling agreement and in John Ferraro was the chief executive of InMage from 2006 until 2011. Microsoft has acquired InMage in July, 2014.
5. Green Button
GreenButton is a New Zealand based software company specializing in cloud computing and it specializes in the creation of cloud platforms for the improvement and dispatch of the software and services which helps independent software vendors and enterprises to move to cloud. It was founded by Scott Houston and headquartered in Wellington, New Zealand and its branches in California, Palo Alto and Seattle. Microsoft has acquired Green Button on 2nd May 2014.
6. Stor Simple
StorSimple was the privately held company based in Santa Clara, California and was funded by venture capital from Redpoint ventures, Index ventures, ignition partners and Mayfield fund of total $31.5 million. It was founded in 2009 by the former Cisco systems and Brocade communication system executives Ursheet Parikh and Guru Pangal. StorSimple has been acquired by Microsoft on October 2012 and the deal was finalized by November 15.
7. Phone Factor
Phone Factor is the multi-factor authentication system which utilizes the phone calls to verify identity. With the multiple out-of-band methods and the OATH passcode option it offers the flexibility for users and single multi-factor platform for IT to manage. Phone Factor on October 4, 2012 announced that it has been acquired by Microsoft and it is now available as Windows Azure Multi-Factor authentication.
Yammer is the enterprise social networking service which was founded in September 2008 by David O.Sacks and Adam Pisoni and headquartered at San Francisco. As of June 2012, Yammer has received around $142 million funding from Charles-River ventures, Founders fund, Goldcrest investments, emergence capital and Ron Conway, an angel investor, while number of subscribers close to $8 million. On June 25, 2012 Microsoft has acquired this for $1.2 billion in cash.
9. Perceptive Pixel
Perceptive Pixel is specialized in research, development and production of multi-touch interfaces. It was founded in 2009 by Jeff Han and was headquartered in New York and has offices in Mountain view, Portland and Washington D.C.On July 9, 2012 Steve Ballmer has announced that hey have acquired Perceptive Pixel.
ZCam is the brand of time-flight camera products for video applications developed by Israeli company 3DV systems. ZCam supplements full color video camera imaging with the real time range imaging information. Microsoft has acquired ZCam in March 2009 and 3DV had planned to release the ranging video webcam under the name ZCam.